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mark twain essays

The Complete Essays of Mark Twain [Mark Twain] on somivbrassa.gq *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A delightful collection of Mark Twain's observations on the absurd, what-if Cited by: Mark Twain's Life and Accomplishments - The person that I will be writing about will be Mark twain, known as an author. He wrote humorist books for example: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and its sequel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. And Other Stories, by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at somivbrassa.gq Title: What Is Man? AND OTHER ESSAYS By Mark.


Mark Twain - Wikipedia


The Old Man had asserted that the human being is merely a machine, and nothing more. The Young Man objected, and asked him to go into particulars and furnish his reasons for his position. Drive tunnels and shafts into the hills; blast out the iron ore; crush it, mark twain essays, smelt it, reduce it to pig-iron; put some of it through the Bessemer process and make steel of it.

Mine and treat and combine several metals of which brass is made. It could drive lathes, drills, planers, punches, polishers, in a word all the cunning machines of a great factory? Because its performance is not personal. It is the result of the law of construction, mark twain essays.

It is not a merit that it does the things which it is set to do—it can't help doing them. And it is not a personal demerit in the stone machine that it does so little?

Certainly not. It does no more and no less than the law of mark twain essays make permits and compels it to do.

There is nothing personal about it; it cannot choose. Yes—but do not be offended; I am meaning no offense. What makes the grand difference between the stone engine mark twain essays the steel one? Shall we call it training, education?

Shall we call the stone engine a savage and the steel one a civilized man? The original rock contained the stuff of which the steel one was built—but along with a lot of sulphur and stone and other obstructing inborn heredities, brought down from the old geologic ages—prejudices, let us call them.

Prejudices which nothing within the rock itself had either power to remove or any desire to remove, mark twain essays. Will you take note of that phrase? Prejudices must be removed by outside influences or not at all. Put that down. The iron's prejudice against mark twain essays itself of the cumbering rock.

To make it more exact, the iron's absolute indifference as to whether the rock be removed or not. Then comes the outside influence and grinds the rock to powder and sets the ore free, mark twain essays. The iron in the ore is still captive. An outside influence smelts it free of the clogging ore. The iron is emancipated iron, now, but indifferent to further progress. An outside influence beguiles it into the Bessemer furnace and refines it into steel of the first quality.

It is educated, now—its training is complete. And it has reached its limit. By no possible process can it be educated into gold. Will you set that down? There are gold men, and tin men, and copper men, and leaden men, and steel men, and so on—and each has the limitations of his nature, his heredities, his training, and his environment.

You can build engines out of each of these metals, and they will all perform, but you must not require the weak ones to do equal work with mark twain essays strong ones. In each case, to get the best results, you must free the metal from its obstructing prejudicial ones by education—smelting, refining, and so forth.

Man the machine—man the impersonal engine, mark twain essays. Whatsoever a man is, mark twain essays, is due to his makeand to the influences brought to bear upon it by his heredities, his habitat, his associations. He is moved, directed, commandedby exterior influences— solely. He originates nothing, not even a thought. Oh, come! Where did I get my opinion that this which you are talking is all foolishness? It is a quite natural opinion—indeed an inevitable opinion—but you did not create the materials out of which it is formed.

They are odds and ends of thoughts, impressions, feelings, gathered unconsciously from a thousand books, a thousand conversations, and from streams of thought and feeling which have flowed down into your heart and brain out of the hearts and brains of centuries of ancestors. Personally you did not create even the smallest microscopic fragment of the materials out of which your opinion is made; and personally you cannot claim even the slender merit of putting the borrowed materials together.

That was done automatically —by your mental machinery, in strict accordance with the law of that machinery's construction. And you not only did not make that machinery yourself, but you have not even any command over it.

And you did not form that one ; your machinery did it for you—automatically and instantly, mark twain essays, without reflection or the need of it. I am sorry, but you see, yourself, that your mind is merely a machine, nothing more. You have no command over it, it has no command over itself—it is worked solely from the outside. That is the law of its make; it is the law of all machines. I don't merely think it, I know it. Suppose I resolve to enter upon a course of thought, and study, and reading, with the deliberate purpose of changing that opinion; and suppose I succeed.

That is not the work of an exterior impulse, the whole of it is mine and personal; for I originated the project. Not a shred mark twain essays it.

It grew out of this talk with me. But for that it would not have occurred to you, mark twain essays. No man ever originates anything. All his thoughts, all his impulses, come from the outside.

It's an exasperating subject. The first man had original thoughts, anyway; there was nobody to draw from. It is a mistake. Adam's thoughts came to him from the outside. You have a mark twain essays of death. You did not invent that—you got it from outside, from talking and teaching. Adam had no fear of death—none in the world.

Then it came from outside. Adam is quite big enough; let us not try to make a god of him. None but gods have ever had a thought which did not come from the outside. Adam probably had a good head, but it was of no sort of use to him until it was filled up from the outside. He was not able to invent the triflingest little thing with it. He had not a shadow of a notion of the difference between good and evil—he had to get the idea from the outside.

Neither he nor Eve was able to originate the idea that it was immodest to go naked; the knowledge came in with the apple from the outside. Mark twain essays man's brain is so constructed that it can originate nothing whatsoever. It can only use material obtained outside.

It is merely a machine; and it works automatically, not by will-power. It has no command over itself, its owner has no command over it. No, you mean Shakespeare's imitations. Shakespeare created nothing. He correctly observed, and he marvelously painted. He exactly portrayed people whom God had created; but he created none himself. Let us spare him the slander of charging him with trying.

Shakespeare could not create. He was a machine, and machines do not create. In this, mark twain essays. He was not a sewing-machine, like you and me; he was a Gobelin loom. The threads and the colors came into him from the outside ; outside influences, suggestions, experiences reading, seeing plays, mark twain essays, playing plays, borrowing ideas, and so onframed the patterns in his mind and started up his complex and admirable machinery, and it automatically turned out that pictured and gorgeous fabric which still compels the astonishment of the world.

If Shakespeare had been born and bred on a barren and unvisited rock in the ocean his mighty intellect would have had no outside material to work with, and could have invented none; and no outside influencesteachings, moldings, persuasions, inspirations, of a valuable sort, mark twain essays, and mark twain essays have invented mark twain essays and so Shakespeare would have produced nothing. In Turkey he would have produced something—something mark twain essays to the highest limit mark twain essays Turkish influences, mark twain essays, associations, and training.

In France he would have produced something better—something up to the highest limit of the French influences and training. In England he rose to the highest limit attainable through the outside helps afforded by that land's ideals, influences, and training, mark twain essays. You and I are but sewing-machines. We must turn out what we can; we must do our endeavor and care nothing at all when the unthinking reproach us for not turning out Gobelins. And so we are mere machines! And machines may not boast, nor feel proud of mark twain essays performance, nor claim personal merit for it, nor applause and praise.

It is an infamous doctrine. I suppose, then, there is no more merit in being brave than in being a coward? Personal merit? A brave man does not create his bravery. He is entitled to no personal credit for possessing it.

 

What is Man? and Other Essays, by Mark Twain

 

mark twain essays

 

And Other Stories, by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at somivbrassa.gq Title: What Is Man? AND OTHER ESSAYS By Mark. Mark Twain's Life and Accomplishments - The person that I will be writing about will be Mark twain, known as an author. He wrote humorist books for example: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and its sequel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. An American author and humorist, Mark Twain is known for his witty works, which include books, essays, short stories, speeches, and more. While not every single piece of written work was infused with humor, many were, ranging from deadpan humor to laugh-out-loud somivbrassa.gq: Marcelina Morfin.